Grenache Noir

Grenache Noir is a red wine grape variety. It is considered that it originated in Spain but there is a recent popular hypothesis that it may have originated from the island of Sardinia, Italy. It is an early budding but late ripening variety, making it suitable for warmer climates and guaranteeing its popularity in the context of global warming. Grenache Noir is widely planted in Spain and Italy but it is especially popular in France where it is the main grape variety in Châteauneuf-du-Pape wines. It is used for both rose and red wines and it is often blended with other varieties in diff erent parts of the world. Varietal wines are full-bodied, with aromas of ripe red fruit and high in alcohol.


A red wine grape variety from Germany where it is mostly planted. The vines are vigorous and productive. The variety is early to mid ripening. The wines are dark, and have floral aromas and good acidity. In Germany, where red wines can often be pale in color, this dark skinned variety is valued for the deep colored wines and its potential to age in oak if yields are controlled.

Dunavski Lazur

Dunavski Lazur is a Bulgarian white wine grape variety created at the Pleven Viticulture and Oenology Institute. It is considered to be suitable for consumption as a table grape as well. It is a mid- to late ripening variety, resistant to temperature variations and low temperatures in the winter. Dunavski Lazur is a high yielding variety. The wines have typical fl oral varietal aroma and harmonious body.


A red grape vine variety from the South of France. One of its parents is Grenache Noir (also on this list). It is planted in France, Spain and Portugal as well, and, to a lesser extent, in Lebanon, Morocco and Argentina. It is mid- to late ripening variety. The wines have intense color, tannins and full bodies. Caladoc is often used for the production of fruity rosé wines.


Marselan is a French red grape vine variety. It is mid- to late ripening and is planted in France, Spain and California. Still, it is well liked all over the world, including China where Marselan has been planted recently. The wines are deeply colored, aromatic, with nice structure, smooth tannins and good aging potential. The variety is often used in blends.

Moscato Bianco

This white grape vine variety is widely planted and its name has a lot of synonyms across different countries. It is believed that it originated in Greece (more likely) or Italy and the variety has been widely popular in Mediterranean countries for centuries. Nowadays this is a popular variety both in Europe and the New World. It is known for its small berries and one of the variety’s most popular names is the French Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains. It is an early budding and mid ripening variety. Moscato Bianco is used in the production of dry, sparkling, sweet and fortified wines. The wines have floral and spice aromas but the variety is also famous for its grapey aromas.

Moscato Giallo

This is a white grape vine variety from Northern Italy where it is also most widely planted. The variety has a parent-offspring relationship with Moscato Bianco (also on this list). Moscato Giallo is early- to mid ripening variety. It is mostly used in the production of sweet wines using dried grapes with higher concentration of sugar and aromas. The characteristics of these varietal wines include a golden color, sweet aroma and moderate levels of acidity.


Primitivo is a red grape vine variety from Croatia where it is called Tribidrag. It is now confirmed that Primitivo and Zinfandel are clones of this variety and both names are widely used. The variety is mid- to late ripening. Primitivo is most widely planted in Puglia, Southeastern Italy. In the USA and more precisely in California, the variety is known as Zinfandel and this is the name used in both Australia and South Africa. The wines are full bodied, fruity and high in alcohol.


This red grape vine variety originated in Germany and is most widely planted there. It is an early budding and late ripening variety that is highly disease-resistant, making it an increasingly popular choice with winemakers. The wines are suitable for both early drinking and barrel ageing. Varietal wines are full-bodied with smooth tannins and red fruit flavors of redcurrant and cherry.


Storgozia is a Bulgarian red grape vine variety, mostly planted in the northern part of the country. It is a late ripening, high yielding variety. Storgozia is used for the production of table wines with deep color, full body, good levels of acidity and fruity character.